Tuesday, December 12, 2017

What To Buy Your Favorite Genealogist This Holiday Season!

The holidays are upon us once again! Are you having trouble finding that perfect gift for your favorite genealogist? Or are you considering beginning your own research and want to give your friends and family members some gift ideas? Well, I have done a little research and found a few items you might want to purchase.

DNA tests!

The topic of the nightly news and so many commercials! I received a DNA test last year for Christmas and I have to say, it was pretty cool. This time of year many of the companies are selling the tests at a lowered holiday price. However, beware there are some subtle differences in the tests offered, so make sure you do a little research.
You can check out the website, Smarter Hobby. They did some tests and here are their results:

If you do not know the difference between YDNA and mtDNA or know the meaning of "autosomal", you might want to visit the Smarter Hobby site: https://www.smarterhobby.com/genealogy/best-dna-test/  It does a good job defining these terms and giving a more in depth report on each of the company's tests. 


Here are some great books which will either help a person get started or help with ongoing research:

Tips & for the Family Historian – by Elizabeth Shown Mills (this book is recommended by Kathy)

"Whether you are a researcher in need of inspiration, or a speaker or writer in search of a zinger to punctuate your thoughts."


The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy 4th Edition  – by Val D Greenwood 

 It teaches the basics of doing genealogy research and where to find the necessary records. This is helpful for a new genealogists, because it shows not all records are available online.

The Family Tree Cemetery Field Guide: How to Find, Record, and Preserve Your Ancestors' Graves by Joy Neighbors

The title is self-explanatory. It is a great addition to a genealogists library. Sometimes it is the only resource for birth and death dates.

Evidence Explained:  Citing History Sources from Cyberspace 3rd Edition Revised – by Elizabeth Shown Mills

This is an exceptional gift and any genealogist would love to get it! This book helps cite all different types of sources, which is necessary to validate research. 

Organize Your Genealogy: Strategies and Solutions for Every Researcher  - by Drew Smith

Does your researcher (or you) have piles of paper and research everywhere!? This book will help organize all of the information collected and show you different ways to keep the resources and data safe and easily accessible.

The Genealogy Do-Over Workbook by Thomas MacEntee

This book is for someone who has been researching and collecting information for a few years and has hit a "brick wall".  The author has an outline you can follow which helps you organize and rethink the resources you have already found. It will help in jump starting your research. 


Many genealogist would like a software program to help them organize research and resources.  I  found a website which gives a Top Ten Review of the different software programs available. I like this site because you can also visit the software company's website to view and explore the different programs. The site is called "Top Ten Reviews" and it reviews all types of technology and software. You can check it out with this link: http://www.toptenreviews.com/software/home/best-genealogy-software/


Scanners are for the genealogist who travels to courthouses and archives, but doesn't want to spend an arm and a leg on copies or their phone doesn't take very good photographs. 

Epson WorkForce DS-30 Portable Document & Image Scanner

The above scanner or a scanner similar to this, is a little pricey. Somewhere around $120. This device will scan larger documents (8 1/2 x 14) and photos.  Once the item is scanned it can be sent to an email or online cloud service. It has correction tools that can edit the images, auto-size documents, enhance text quality and correct image skew. It is lightweight and can be taken anywhere.

VuPoint Magic Wand Wireless Portable Scanner

The VuPoint Magic Wand scanner (or one like it) is also handy to have. You slide the "wand" over the document or page you want to scan. It saves the image on a memory card and then you can download the image to your computer or device. It is small and light and easy to take with you anywhere. I have one and I take it so I can scan documents and resources without damaging them. I do recommend practicing before you use it for research. You want your images to be clear and if you don't slide the wand just right, the images can be blurry.

Family History Kit

This is a good DIY project which you can make more personal. Buy a fun bag and fill it with items that will help a person do research. Here are a few ideas:

  • Pens & Pencils
  • Sticky notes
  • Paperclips or binder clips (you can buy these in multiple colors)
  • Binders with page dividers
  • Magnifying glass (one with a light is cool)
  • Couple of candy bars or nutritious granola bars - sometimes we lose track of time and miss lunch.

Just For Fun

If you want to buy a whimsical gift, you will find some at the Café Express website, http://www.cafepress.com/+genealogy+gifts

Here are a few ideas:


Mouse Pad

I could have listed hundreds of ideas, since I have a long list of my own, but I tried to show you some good, basic items. Have fun shopping! Happy Holidays!

A Big Thanks to Kathy Petras for allowing me to once again be a guest blogger on her wonderful blog! - Lisa Rienerth 

    Wednesday, December 6, 2017

    Kinship: It's All Relative

    My own family research was prompted in part by trying to figure out just how I was related to Aunt Gini (my Mom's First Cousin.) And part of that quest, is figuring out just what we call these relationships. Parents, brothers, sisters, grandparent relationships are pretty straight forward. But what about all those cousins and in-laws. And what about "removes"??? How do we best define those relationships?

    Because this is a question that comes up frequently when working with library/genealogy patrons, I thought we should take a look at the book that has all the answers: Kinship; It's All Relative by Jackie Smith Arnold. I have been using this resource for years and have my own copy at home.

    This second edition was published in 2012. The book is available on Amazon
     and is on the shelves in the Franklin Sylvester Room at the Medina Library.

    The book is only about 144 pages long, but packs a lot into those pages. Some of its highlights are:
    • On overview of U.S. marriage laws. How old do you have to be? How closely related you can't be. Which states accept common-law or live-in marriages.
    • Definitions of families.
    • Grandparents visitation rights table and resource list.
    • How names are passed on.
    • Medical aspects of inheritance.
    • NEW! In the back there is a chapter on same-sex marriages.
    But my favorite features are the charts that help make sense out of complicated relationships. And these are what I refer patrons to all the time.

    Do you want to know how closely you are related to someone? The following chart is called a Consanguity Chart. It specifically shows how closely you are related by blood:

    This chart shows how closely related your are. For example, you
    are just as closely related to your children as you are to your
    parents. You share 50% of your DNA with them.
    The above chart includes nieces and nephews.

    But this is the chart that I use and refer library patrons to most frequently:

    This chart helps ferret out your relationship to cousins, first cousins, second cousins once-removed etc.  I will fill it in to show you some examples. This is from my MASON family. Only the first names are given.

    From this we can tell that John Sherwood and Mag/Ruth are siblings, children of John Dana.
    Charlie and Jack are first cousins. Though Jack's biological mother was Mag, he was adopted by her sister, Ruth. Rose and Ruth are second cousins, and so forth, as shown in the chart.

    But what relationship is Charlie to Josh, or Ruth to Stella?

    To determine that, we look at Josh's direct line ancestor who is directly across from Charlie. In this example that would be Jack. That gives us the degree of cousin - First Cousins.  But Josh and Charlie are not of the same generation. We have to count how many generations apart they are to get the "removes". They are three generations apart so that makes them first cousins, three times removed.

    Can you figure out the relationship between Ruth (daughter of Jack) and Stella?

    The book also explains what happens when siblings from one family marry siblings from another family. They are double first cousins. For example, John Sherwood from the chart above married Dorothy Pauline. Her brother, Floyd, married Rosie, sister to John Sherwood. There isn't a good chart for this one in the book.

    John Sherwood sibling Rose Kathleen
         married                                 married

    Dorothy Pauline sibling → Floyd Ernest

    But I did find this one online:

    Genealogy Pages by Paul Stoneburner

    Using the example from above:

    Charlie, Dixie and Loretta are double first cousins
    and share as much DNA as siblings.
    This does NOT make them siblings, though.
    If you have a relationship not described above, check the book!


    Brand new to the Medina Library and still shelved with the NEW non-fiction is this book from Jonathan Scott, A Dictionary of Family History The Genealogists' ABC. This British publication offers insight into how British research differs from US research - starting with the lingo!

    I have already used resources listed within to gain further insight into my TAGG/HEIGHTON families. Using the index at the Northamptonshire Archives, Heritage and History, I have discovered that William TAGG was apprenticed to a brushmaker. That is the occupation William followed when he emigrate to the US. And both Jeffrey and Joseph HEIGHTON took on apprentices for their blacksmith shops!

    Anyone with British ancestry will want to check this one out!

    Wednesday, November 29, 2017

    Medina County Holiday Events

    Medina County has a long history of holiday traditions. Families from throughout the county can jump-start their holiday spirits with any of the following events:
    (This is not a comprehensive list.)

      Medina Gazette article
    • In the City of Medina, we prime our holiday sentiments with the annual Candlelight Walk. This year it took place on Nov. 17-19. The cold wet winds probably kept attendance down. 
    • Wadsworth also had an annual Candlelight Walk on November 17th. . Santa arrived in a horse drawn carriage.

    Photo by Nathan Havvener for the Medina Gazette

    • Then there is the annual Meadows Turkey Bowl, a fundraiser for the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. Held on Thanksgiving day, each year they have exceeded the previous year total funds raised. This year they raised $263,000.

    Photo by Halee Heronimus of the Medina Gazette.

    • At the Medina Fairgrounds there is the  Holiday Lights Drive Thru that started on November  24th and runs through December 25th. Click here for more info: HERE 
    • Castle Noel, which is open year round, always shines brightest for the Christmas Holidays. This year they have something special for children called Elf Labs.

    This year, Castle Noel has displays from Saks Fifth Avenue. Photo by Nathan Havenner of The Medina Gazette.

    • At the Ohio Station, located between Lodi and Burbank right off of I-71, kids can enjoy  Santa Express Train Rides  Click HERE for more information. 

    Polar Express Night at the
    Medina Rec Center
    If music is your thing, try attending one of these concerts:
    • And don't forget to enjoy a plethora of charming events provided at all six of the branches of the Medina County District Library. Listings on the EVENTS calendar.

    Whether you say, Merry Christmas, Happy Hanukkah, Happy Kwanza or Happy Holidays, enjoy the season!

    Wednesday, November 22, 2017

    Apps on Family Search

    Don't you just love it when you find out something new at one of your favorite genealogy sites!?!
    Yah, me too!

    Recently I discovered a nifty link at the bottom of the FamilySearch home page...

    See it there, circled in Red? It is an App Gallery that list a bunch of applications you can download to your computer or mobile devise that work with the FamilySearch site that lets you do all sorts of really cool stuff!

    Most of the apps are free, but some cost money. They are arranged by these categories:

    • New & Noteworth - where the latest additions are highlighted
    • Charts - for displaying your family history 
    • Games - for fun activities for yourself and your family
    • Family Tree Management - to build & organize your family tree. 
    • LDS Access - for members of the Church of Latter Day Saints
    • Photos & Stories - places to find, preserve and share with family members
    • Research Assistance - use these to get help, receive tips or take your research in a new direction.
    • Search - discover more of your relatives by searching these
    • Specialty - to perform special tasks or notifications
    • Tree Analyzing - shows you where your family tree needs some work
    The games are particularly intriguing because I think this is a wonderful gateway to getting other family members interested in and involved in their family history.

    Geneopardy has a free trial. You sign in using your free FamilySearch account username and password.  Soon, you will need an account to view records, so if you don't already have an account, now is the time to sign up.

    Obviously based on the popular Jeopardy game, you choose categories and earn points.

    You have to agree to their terms of service. The next page asks you how many generations do you want to include and then it asks for the person ID number for the deceased person's family tree that you want to use. YES, it does require you to have built a family tree on their web site.

    I entered the ID number for my Great Grandfather, William Tecumseh Sherman Johnson and tried a few of the questions. The questions require quite a bit of knowledge of the family, but I quickly racked up 1500 points.

    The questions center on basic information on each person's life: when/where they were married, their lifespans, how disparate were the ages between spouses, etc. The possible answers are multiple choice. The one really off-the-wall question that came up was "Which ancestor was born during luminism.  ???? I had to look that one up!*

    Choosing a relative closer to the current generations, should make the questions easier for everyone. But still I don't think anyone else in my family would get the answers.

    I have had a lot of fun exploring this challenging app.

    You should check out the app that most appeals to you.

    * Wikipedia definition of luminism.


    The Medina Library just received three new books for the Franklin Sylvester Room:

    Out of the Past Into the Future Brunswick United Methodist Church, Celebrating 200 Years of Service to God and Community 1817-2017
     by Mamie Grunau, Church Historian. It is a 170 page look at the people, pastors and buildings of the congregation. It will be a welcome addition to the sources on Brunswick history. (Not indexed.)

    The next item is: Medina Profile: The Tebbit's Ice Cream Company and the Tebbit Family by the Medina County Historical Society. It is 8 pages of exactly what the title says. Much of the information will be familiar to many Medina Natives.

    The last item is From an Old Album, Index and again was published by the Medina County Historical Society. While it is just an index, I am particularly interested in this work. From 1937 to 1941, the  Medina Gazette  newspaper had a feature called "From an Old Album" that printed photos from Medina jeweler and photographer, George F. High. During the run of the feature, 198 photos were printed. Anyone interested in the people and places of Medina County during this period, now you have a way of possibly finding a photo!

    While the covers may not be impressive, the info. inside
    is priceless!

    Wednesday, November 15, 2017

    Medina's Bicentennial - 200 Years of History


    The Official Logo for the Medina County Bicentennial created by Judy Barabas.

    The whole county is gearing up to celebrate 200 years of history for Medina County. While Medina County was formed in 1812, it wasn't until 1818 that the county administration was formed and the citizens started governing for themselves. (During those interim years, Portage County, which was the parent county, handled administration.)

    Medina has changed a lot over the years. Not least of the changes is the outline of Medina. When it was first formed, Medina County also included the many townships that are now part of other counties. So the original shape of Medina was more of a horizontal long rectangle.

    Green outline shows Medina County's border at its formation in 1812.
    Map courtesy of Ohio Township Maps published by the Ohio
    Department of Natural Resources
    In 1822, Lorain County was formed and they took these following townships from Medina:

    • Camden
    • Pittsfield
    • LaGrange
    • Brighton
    • Wellington
    Then, in 1827, Lorain annexed these townships:
    • Grafton
    • Penfield
    • Spencer
    • Homer
    • Huntington
    • Sullivan
    • Rochester
    • Troy
    In 1840, Summit County was formed, taking these townships from Medina:
    • Richfield
    • Bath
    • Copley
    • Norton
    But they received Spencer and Homer back from Lorain County. Later, in 1846, Troy and Sullivan were annexed by Ashland County.*

    And for most of its history, Medina has been a rural, agricultural county. It wasn't until the 1980s that Medina became more suburban, a "bedroom community."

    The next year will highlight and celebrate all of Medina's changes and improvements.

    The Bicentennial web site is HERE.   Their Facebook page is HERE.

    The kick-off of the Bicentennial will be at this weekend's Candlelight Walk and the festivities will continue throughout 2018. The whole list of events can be seen HERE.

    One of the fun features is a 32 page coloring book that is available at these shops around town:
    • Miss Molly's Tea Room
    • Funtastic Toyz
    • The Book Store
    • The Medina County Convention and Visitor's Bureau
    • Medina City School Board Office
    • Medina Town Hall and Engine House Museum
    And soon, there will be a special Medina Bicentennial License Plate,  also designed by Judy Barabas, to be available at a later date.

    The November 15th Medina Gazette has a front page article  talking about the Bicentennial and some early Medina history. (Link not yet available.)

    Get ready to...



    On a side note, Judy Russell had a very interesting blog about DNA this past week. Did you know that all humans share 99.5% of their DNA? Only .5% is different. And that is what the DNA testing companies concentrate on. More incredibly, we share 98% of our DNA with chimps. Click HERE to read her full post.

    *Source: History of Lorain County Ohio with Illustrations & Biographical Sketches, Williams Brothers, Philadelphia, 1879.

    Wednesday, November 8, 2017

    In Honor of our Veteran Ancestors.

    When I first started researching our family history, I had no idea how many of my relatives had served in the military. I myself served 3 1/2 years with the United States Air Force and four of my siblings followed me in joining the military; two serving in the US Army and two others served in the Air Force also. And our father had served in the United States Navy at the end of World War II. And still I wasn't aware of just how many of my family had served in the military. I just didn't think of us as a "military family."
    Dad served in the U.S. Navy from 1945-1947.
    He was stationed at NAS Jacksonville, Florida.
    It was a slow accumulation of the awareness of our military service. Besides my immediate family:
    • Cousins; Danny Young (USAF), Mike Hedrick and Dennis Kinikin (Army), Dana Marshall (US Marines), Sharon Helmick Nicholson (US Navy) .  Vietnam Era
    • Uncles; Jack LaMarr and Charles Mason - US. Navy 1952-1961
    • Uncles John Mason (Army) and Ed (Bud) Dowdy - US Army during the Korean War
    • Uncle Floyd Young served in the medical corps during WWII and participated in the release of a POW camp that he later learned had held his wife's cousin, George Tanner (US Army).
    • Grandfather, John S. Mason - U.S. Navy 1928-1930
    • George Tanner, Army WWI.

    Uncle John was wounded in action in Korea. While
    recuperating in a Tokyo hospital he was visited by
    two general's wives. This article appeared in his
    hometown newspaper, The Marion Star.

    Once I dug deeper into family research, I discovered a number of ancestors who had served during the Civil War:
    • William Johnson - 4th WV Infantry
    • William P. Williams - 3rd WV Cavalry
    • Daniel Kinikin - 76th O.V.I.
    • James Tagg - 91st O.V.I.
    • Otha Swain - 186th O.V.I.
    • James Tanner - US Navy. He served on riverboats in the western theater.
    Here George Tanner is in his WWI uniform, sitting
    next to his father, James Tanner who is in his Captains
    uniform from the Civil War. James told all of his
    children and grandchildren he had been a Captain.
    However, he never rose above the rank of Seaman
    Second Class
    Joshua Johnson was taken prisoner at the
    Battle of the River Raisin during the War
    of 1812. Later released, he had to walk back
    to Kentucky. Wounded prisoners had been
    left behind and were murdered by the Indian
    allies of the British.

    War of 1812:
    • Joshua Johnson 
    • Jesse Burnett
    • John Parrish
    • Stephen Artis

    Stephen Artis was a member of the DC
    militia that was tasked with defending
    Washington D.C. Overwhelmed by
    superior British forces, they
    retreated while the city burned.

    The Revolutionary War:
    • Christian Young
    Ruins of Fort Montgomery where Christian Young served during the
    Revolutionary War. He would have been among the soldiers who constructed
    the fort. He would have also been among the soldiers who deserted the fort
    after it was attacked by superior British forces. They took to the rough
    heavily forested hills surrounding the fort that sat on the edge of the
    Hudson River, thereby avoiding becoming Prisoners of War.
    By Doug Kerr from now in Binghamton, NY - 091408 964, CC BY-SA 2.0

    Each of these individual's service in the military ties them, and me, directly into the history of our country. Researching their service and tying them to specific battles, hardships and privations, enlivens history and brings it into my home and into my heart. 

    Once I realized that my family was indeed "a military family", I created a scrapbook of their service. It is the most popular item that I take to family gatherings and reunions. Nothing gets more attention from my non-genealogy family members than bringing out this scrapbook. 

    This tradition of military service is continuing to the present generation, as Chris Bloomfield (U.S. Navy, named for his 6X great grandfather, Christian Young), Zach Beach (Army) and Dustin Mason (Army) have also served.

    Zach Beach, U.S. Army Military Police

    Chris Bloomfield, U.S. Navy SeaBee

    So often in genealogy we get caught up in the collection of names, dates and places. Take a minute and think about the sacrifices that these special members of our families endured, so that we could live the lives we lead.

    So this Veteran's Day, take a moment, or more, to  honor them...

    WAYS to honor military service;
    1. If the member is still alive, thank them for their service. Ask them questions about their time in the military.
    2. Write about their service. When did they serve? Did the participate any any incidents or battles? Are there maps or books about that point in history? Etc.
    3. Share their stories with family, however works for you. It might be a scrapbook, it might be maps and photos. Or maybe you have their military service medals...

    Resources for researching military records:
    Family Search U.S. Military Records Wiki
    U.S. National Archives on Military Records
    Cyndi's List on U.S. Military Records
    Fold3 Requires a subscription or access through a library that subscribes (Cuyahoga County Public Library)
    WWII Military Records : a Family Historian's Guide by Debra Johnson Knox.
    U.S. Military Records : a Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present by James C. Neagles
    Locating Union & Confederate Records : a Guide to the Most Commonly Used Civil War Records of the National Archives and Family History Library  by Nancy Justus Morebeck.
    Military bounty land, 1776-1855 by Christine Rose.

    This coming spring at the Library's Genealogy Slam! on April 28th I will be teaching a class on  how to research U.S. Military Records. More information will come in the spring.