Thursday, November 15, 2018

The "War to End All Wars"

"If You Want to Fight! Join the Marines" poster from Ohio
 History Connection was on the front cover of the November-
December issue of  Echoes magazine. The accompanying
article brought today's  subject to my attention.

Maybelle Leland Musser Hall 

Of course, we now know that World War I did not "end all wars", but that was the optimistic hope at the time. 

And because the casualties were so high, (in the United States alone, there were more than 53,000 combat deaths), the United State Marines took a highly unusual, and controversial step. In order to free up men handling the clerical duties that accompany wars and military service, in August of 1918, the Marines opened up enlistment to women. And over 300 women across the country responded. Among the women from Ohio was 28 year-old Mabelle Leland Musser of Hinckley, Ohio.

Mabelle Leland Musser was born on the 22nd of June 1889 to Victor R. and Lillian (Seelye) Musser. The couple only had one other child, a son, Maxwell, born in 1895. Mabelle spent her early years on the family farm near Hinckley. Fifty years later, she wrote a letter to the Gazette about her thrilling sleigh ride down the "Big Hill" near their home, wondering how she escaped without "broken legs and arms."

Shortly after 1900, the family moved to Medina, where Mabelle graduated from the 8th grade in 1903. 

A picture of the 8th grade graduates from 1903, printed in the Medina Gazette 18 Nov 1938 p. 1 sec 2.
The arrow points to Mabelle
In the spring of 1904, Mabelle took the Boxwell Examinations, and by passing, was entitled to attend any high school in the county "free of charge". 

While Mabelle undoubtedly graduated from high school, she is not listed among the alumni at Medina High School. And this may be the reason why...

In 1907, Mabelle's father sold his property in Medina. An August 30 article in the Medina Sentinel says that two of her friends gave her a "farewell reception" and by November, the family is listed as living in Oberlin. In Oberlin her father operated a grocery under the name Musser & Son at 155 North Pleasant.

Neither Mabelle nor Max are listed with the Oberlin High School graduates.

In 1910...

Medina Sentinel  29 July 1910, page 1.
Mabelle clearly wasn't content to sit at home or to just work as a clerk in her father's store. She had trained as a typist and stenographer.

For the next couple of years, Mabelle shows up in the social columns of the local newspapers, attending various events and going to dinners with her parents and friends. Then two things happened that changed her life forever.

The first event was not that unusual for the time.

Elyria Evening Telegram 18 June 1917 page 6.

The United States entered into World War I in April of 1917. A few short months later, Mabelle's only sibling, Max, enlisted in the United States Marines. Max went to Port Roval South Carolina for his basic boot camp and then was transferred to New York. in August, he entered Officer Training at Quantico, Virginia.He graduated as a 2nd Lieutenant in July of 1918 and in October, was sent to France as part of a machine gun unit with the 11th Marine Regiment.

Then in August of 1918, the Marines, wanting to free up men for the battle front, opened up enlistments to women. In October, Mabelle stepped up to the challenge, enlisting as a private. She worked at Marine Corps headquarters in Washington, D.C.

MUSSER - WWI Ohio Soldiers Sailors and Marines World War 1917-1918 p 487.
In April of 1919, Mabelle came home on leave and was visiting in Medina and was listed as a Corporal.

 Medina Sentinel April 4 1919 p. 7
Mabelle was discharged in October 1922. Max was discharged as a 1st Lieutenant in August of 1919.

Upon their returns, Mabelle went to work in Cleveland and was very involved in the local American Legion, arranging for dances and entertainments and selling tickets, moving up to the Assistant Adjutant of the Woodrow Wilson Chapter. Max married a New Jersey woman and went to work at Goodrich and then moved to Warren, Ohio.

In April of 1920, their father, V.R., perhaps realizing that Max was not content with being the "& Son" of the grocery store in Oberlin, sold his business and moved back to Medina. His wife, Lillian, died in July of the same year.

Sometime after 1924, Mabelle met Alfred William Hall.  William, as he was known, came to Medina to his uncle, William Greenup, along with his friend Alfred Abrams. Mabelle and he were the attendants at Alfred's Cleveland wedding together in 1926.

On 17 September 1927, Mabelle and William Hall were married in Cleveland. Her occupation was "stenographer" and his was "pattern maker." She was 38 years old and he was 30.

By the 1930 Census, the couple is living on 153 Highland Road in Brecksville, Ohio. William is still listed as a pattern maker and Mabelle is a stenographer in a law office. Under "Veteran status" William is listed as a "No", even though he spent 4 years in the War for Britain. Mabelle's entry is blank. Perhaps she didn't consider herself a veteran because she didn't serve on the front lines? This is an attitude that I know for a fact persisted among women veterans right up until the 1990's.

By 1940, the couple had moved to Denver Colorado and has Mabelle's aunt, Etta Bigelow, living with them.

V.R. Musser died in 1941 in Medina. "Alfred"' William Hall registered for the draft for World War II. He died in Denver around 1969.

Mabelle lived on, staying active with veterans' groups and telling her story. She passed away in 1995 at a nursing home. Newspaper articles at the time listed her as the oldest living female veteran" and the "oldest-living member of the U.S. Marine Corps".

At 106, she deserves both of those accolades and scores of others for the contributions and sacrifices she made.

 Mabelle L M Hall
Contributed to by Cheryl Hall
Fort Logan National Cemetery
Denver, Colorado


Cleveland Plain Dealer
     25 September 1927
Denver Post
     27 October 1995, page D-8
Elyria Chronicle Telegram
     V.R. Musser Resigns Oberlin Position, Will Go to Medina, 1 April 1920, page 1
     Mrs. V.R. Musser Dies at Medina 19 July 1920, page 7
     Was Oldest Female Veteran, 28 October 1995, page D-2
Elyria Evening Telegram
     3 April 1919, page 11.
Lady Hell Cats Women Marines of World War I by Kenna Howat
The Legal Genealogists Veterans Day November 11, 2018
Medina County Gazette
     18 November 1938, page 1 section 2.
     28 October 1955, page 2.
Medina County Sentinel
     12 Septembe 1913, page 5.
     4 April 1919,page 7
     18 September 1924, page 7
     4 February 1926, page 1.
Women Marines in World War I

Also, various records were found on Ancestry Library Edition and Fold3, both available from within the Medina County District Library system.

Wednesday, November 7, 2018

Eleventh Hour of the Eleventh Day of the Eleventh Month

Veteran's Day - regardless of how we celebrate it, Veteran's Day occurs every November 11 in the US. It originated as Armistice Day to commemorate the end of "The Great War" or World War I.

Combat was to cease on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month- 11 November 2018. In 1938, it became a national holiday to commemorate ALL U.S. veterans.

And in those closing minutes of the fighting, Medina County lost one of her own. Neil Conkling died right as the War was ending on that day in 1918.

When I first read about Neil's story in the latest edition of the Medina County Genealogical Society newsletter, I wondered how much of his short life we could document.

Starting on the Ancestry Library Edition database, I found him in the 1910 census with his widowed mother, Hattie,  and sister, Pearl. And I discovered that he was born in 1890, so he was 28 years old when he died. (I had estimated his birth year as around 1898.) He was listed as a laborer at "Bee Keeper's Supply Co." or as we know it, A.I. Root Company. Ancestry also had an entry for his Ohio Soldier Grave Registration that directed me to Fold3.

Neil Conklin with widowed mother Hattie, and sister Pearl. Pearl also worked at "Bee Keepers Supply Co."
1910 Census, Montville Township, Village of Medina, Medina County, Ohio.
From Ancestry Library Edition (LE).

Fold3's copy of the Graves Registration Card shows his military unit - 28th Infantry, company M and that he was a Private. It also has the image of his military draft registration. In June of 1918, he was working as a weaver at Medina Carpet & Rug Whrs (warehouse?). And it had something I have never seen before - the cable from "Pershing" (Possibly General Pershing?) listing Neil among the casualties.

Neil Conkling's grave registration card gives Garrettsville, Ohio as his birthplace. Garrettsville is in
Portage County, Ohio.  Eldora Fredcerick is listed as his next of kin.
Grave Registration Card from Fold3.
World War I Draft Registration Card from Fold3.
Cablegrams Exchanged Between General Headquarters American
Expeditionary Forces and the War Department from Fold3.
This is the document that reported Neil among the casualties.

Heading back to Ancestry, Neil was listed with his father, Austin, mother and sister in Windham Township, Portage County, Ohio in 1900. He is just 9 years old.

Neil is listed with his father, Austin, who was a farmer, mother Hattie and sister Pearl.
1900 Census Windham Township, Portage County, Ohio from Ancestry LE.
Neil's Tombstone at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery in France.

The database also had 2 listings for Neil on One shows that he was buried in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery in Lorraine, France and the second shows that he was buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, here in Medina. (The Findagrave listing in Medina does not include a photo of the tombstone.)

Ancestry LE also included a scan from the Ohio Adjutant General's WWII listing of sailors and soldiers:

This entry from Ohio Soldiers in WWI, 1917-1918, provides a synopsis of Neil's short military career.

These resources led me to wonder what newspaper articles I might be able to find on Neil and his family. From the census, we know that Neil's father, Austin, died between 1900 and 1910. What happened to his mother, Hattie, and sister, Pearl? They are not listed as next of kin on the Graves Registration card.

For easier access I went to the Newspaper Archives database from the Akron and Summit County Public Library and found several articles.

Medina Sentinel  16 Nov. 1917, page 10. News of Neil's draft into the war.

Medina Sentinel  25 April 1919, page 1

This article is the first news the people of Medina had of Neil's death five months after the fact. It also mentions that both his mother and sister had died before he went into the army.

The Medina Gazette is not yet digitized for this time period, so next  I checked the Medina Library's Obituary Index to find listings for his family members. From there I used the microfilm to view the articles.

The  April 25, 1919 Gazette had this to say about Neil's death:

Neil's father died in 1905:

Medina Gazette  22 Sep 1905, page 8.

Pearl Conkling died in 1913:

Medina Gazette 15 Aug 1913, p.8

And Neil's last remaining family member, his mother, Hattie, died in 1916:

Medina Gazette 21 July 1916, p.5

A deeper search in Ancestry Library Edition turned up two other documents:

The Farmers' Directory of Medina County 1916-1921,  page 20.
The exact date of Neil's residence on East Liberty is uncertain since the directory covers multiple years.

And something else I have never seen before:

U.S., Army Transport Service, Passenger Lists, 1910-1939
The passenger list for a troop ship!

I also checked the Medina High School yearbooks, double checking in the 1918 and 1919 yearbooks for the names of Medinians who perished in WWI. While the yearbooks did have such lists, Neil's name was not on them, leading me to conclude that he never graduated high school. Most likely he had to leave school early to help support his widowed mother and ill sister.

A timeline of what we have learned of Neil's life looks like this:

  • 1890 - Born July 14 in Garrettsville, Portage County to Austin and Hattie (Robinson) Conkling.
  • 1900 - Listed in the census with his parents and sister Pearl in Windham Township, Portage County, Ohio.
  • 1905 - His father, Austin died in Grangerburg, Medina County, Ohio.
  • 1910 - Listed in the census with his widowed mother and older sister on South Court Street, Montville Township, Village of Medina, Medina County, Ohio.
  • 1913 - Sister Pearl died 17 July in Medina, Ohio
  • 1916 - His mother, Hattie, died in July at Mrs. Eldora Frederick's home on South Huntington St. Medina Ohio.
  • 1916-1918 - Neil was listed in the Farmers' Directory of Medina County as living at 502 East Liberty St., Medina, Ohio
  • 1917 - Neil received his draft number, 1533, in November.
  • 1918 - April 1, Neil traveled to Camp Sherman for training.
  • 1918 - June 28, Neil sailed on the military transport ship, The Saxon, to France.
  • 1918 - November 11 - Neil died in combat during the last hours of World War I.

R.I.P. Pvt. Neil Conkling

Thanks to Tom Hilberg's article in the latest Medina County Genealogical Society newsletter for bringing my attention to Neil Conkling's story.
Meuse-Argonne Cemetery

Wednesday, October 24, 2018

She Has Her Mother's Laugh

She Has Her Mother's Laugh: The Powers, Perversions, and Potential of Heredity

by Carl Zimmer.

This tome is an in-depth look at the history and science of heredity, and genetics, AND genealogy. It is not for the casual DNA enthusiast. 

We have come to believe that our DNA makes us who we are. It determines the color of our eyes and hair and the size of our feet. And it can tell us something about the people we are related to and who we are descended from. That is why millions are spent every year on Ancestry DNA tests.


We carry in our bodies a lot of DNA that doesn't belong to us. Some of it is the DNA of the bacteria and viruses that we are hosts to. Some of these hitchhikers are disease-causing and some are beneficial. Like the bacteria in our stomachs.

But the story of our DNA is much more complex than that.

Did you know that mothers can carry within their bodies cells (and DNA) from the children they have been pregnant with? Scientists have discovered that these cells persist in the woman's body decades after the pregnancy, and can include cells from miscarried and aborted pregnancies.

But stranger still are the cases of mosaics and chimeras. Mosaics+ is where some cells developed differently than most, resulting in "patches" of difference. Chimeras++ are where two embryos get started, like for twins, but they combine together and result in one baby being born. That baby will always carry two sets of DNA.

Also, our DNA can undergo mutations that can be benign or cause catastrophic results.

So when we send in our DNA sample, just which DNA is being tested? And what does all of this mean for the accuracy of DNA tests??

If you want to get a clearer picture of what is going on in the science and theory of DNA in a book not written for scientists, check out  She Has Her Mother's Laugh HERE.


Don't forget to sign up for the Genealogy Slam coming up on November 3rd. We will have 3 learning opportunities, DOOR PRIZES, and REFRESHMENTS! Sign up HERE.

If you want more information on which classes are being offered, check out last week's BLOG.

Remember that this Slam will be held at the Brunswick Library.

Here is some new vocabulary I learned from She Has Her Mother's Laugh:

*In meiosis, when the precursor sperm and egg cells replicate, the DNA splits down the middle and duplicates itself, like in mitosis. In meiosis, after the replication, proteins slice the chromosomes and when the cells repair themselves, some of the DNA  gets exchanged or "reshuffled".
+ Glossary - Mosaics - genetic variation among somatic and germ cells in a single multi-cellular organism
++(Wikipedia - chimaera (chimæra) is a single organism composed of cells with distinct genotypes. In animals, this means an individual derived from two or more zygotes, which can include possessing blood cells of different blood types, subtle variations in form (phenotype) and, if the zygotes were of differing sexes, then even the possession of both female and male sex organs[1] Animal chimeras are produced by the merger of multiple fertilized eggs. Normally, genetic chimerism is not visible on casual inspection; however, it has been detected in the course of proving parentage.[2])

Wednesday, October 17, 2018


Medina Library's Genealogy Team will travel to the Brunswick Library on November 3rd to present our 20th Genealogy Slam (previously titled the Genealogy Lock-In). Partnering with the Medina County Genealogical Society, we will be offering the same fun, same learning, and yes, there will be door prizes.

Come learn about these three wonderful genealogy resources:

 Internet Archive presented by Lisa Rienerth. If you haven't been using this site, you have truly been missing out. They are "building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, they provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, the print disabled, and the general public. Their mission is to provide Universal Access to All Knowledge."

Lauren Kuntzman, Manager of the soon-to-be Family and Local History Center at the Medina Library, will be talking about Geneanet. "Geneanet is a community of more than 3 million members who share their genealogical information for free: more than 6 billion individuals in the family trees, some digitized archival records, some family pictures, some indexes, all available through a powerful search engine, and a blog."

Come explore with me Medina County District Library's newest genealogy database, Fold3. This resource  specializes in U.S military records. With your library card you can get FREE access to this treasure trove.


Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Once Upon a Time...

Graphic provided by Steve Czajka.
Your family history should never start with those words! And others should never view your work as a fairy tale or a  fictional story.

But, how do you know if you are doing a good job?

Oftentimes, we do our research almost in a vacuum, with no feedback from friends and family. So if you are making mistakes, how do you know?

Besides constantly learning about proper research techniques (here is ONE opportunity), you want to always follow the Genealogical Proof Standard (GPS). The five essential principles of GPS, as stated on by the Board for Certification of Genealogists, are:

1. Reasonably exhaustive research of all resources available.
2. Complete and accurate source citations so that you, and others, can retrace your work
3. Thorough analysis of information found and correlation.
4. Resolution of conflicting evidence.
5. Soundly written conclusion based on the strongest evidence.

And, if you want to take your research one step further, you apply to a lineage society.

Logos of many lineage societies from the
Lineage Society of America site.

For many years, I mistakenly believed that joining a lineage society was buying bragging rights into an elite group. "I am better than you because my ancestor..." fill in the blanks. And while some groups might have embraced that notion in the past, that is just not true anymore.

Medina County Genealogical Society

Pat Morgan, President of the Medina County Genealogical Society, opened my eyes a few years ago and now I am a member of four lineage societies and plan on joining more.

Some of the really compelling reasons for joining a lineage society are:
  1. Honoring your ancestors. They accomplished something that deserves to be recognized. Did they serve in the military? Did they pioneer and settle a new land? Did they survive harsh living conditions? Well done them!
  2. It will improve your research. During the process of applying to a society, you must look very critically at the work you have done. Societies apply stringent standards to the applications and knowing that someone else is going to examine your research encourages you to do your best.
  3. It will improve your documentation. Your sources for information have to be clearly and concisely stated so that anyone else can track down the source and see it for themselves. "Aunt Rosie told me so", isn't going to cut it.
  4. By joining a society, you are certifying the facts of your ancestry. It has reliable resources and has been examined by by experienced genealogists and found to be accurate and true.
  5. It is a means of preservation. All lineage societies save the application of successful members for future researchers. Your information isn't just stored on your computer or in your file cabinets.
  6. Paying it forward. We have all benefited from either the work of other or their generosity with sharing information. Now you can share it with future researchers.
So, HOW do you join a lineage society?

This Sunday, October 14th, join Pat Morgan and the Medina County Genealogical Society, and Lauren Kunzman, Manager of the (soon-to-be) Family History Center at the Medina Library for their program First Families of Medina. They will explain the application process and standards of proof, and highlight helpful library resources. Your family does not have to be from Medina and you do not have to be applying to the First Families of Medina Society.

Sign up HERE.

What the Medina Library looks like when it is not covered in scaffolding and surrounded by construction equipment.


Board for the Certification of Genealogists, "Ethics and Standards", 

Crow, Amy, Johnson, "Why You Should Consider Applying to a Lineage Society,

French, Brian Britton, "Why Join a Lineage Society?', Lineage Society of America,

Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Coming Full Circle

Hello! I am Lisa, Kathy's co-worker and guest blogger for this week.

I was not born in Medina County. I was born in Lake County, Ohio. My mother was born in Cuyahoga County and her father and grandmother were born in Sandusky County. Yet, I was given a wonderful surprise when I found out I had ancestor's who lived in Medina County before me.

My husband and I moved to Medina County in 1990 and I began doing family research in 1999. I was lucky enough to inherit a box of family heirlooms which included a stack of letters written to my great grandmother (on my mother's side), Sopha RHOADES SOLETHER. One of the letters was written by Sopha's 1st cousin, Ella RHOADES PUMPHREY.

Imagine my surprise when I learned that Sopha's father, my great, great grandfather, Gideon RHOADES lived in Medina County, Ohio, in 1856  and some of his siblings (and possibly him) sang on the steps of Medina's Old Court House during the "Fremont [Presidential] Campaign" in 1856!

But wait...there's more!

Along with the letter, Ella had included an ancestor chart for Sopha's father, grandfather and great grandfather.

This just fueled my desire to find out who lived here, where they lived, what they did and when did they leave?

I was lucky enough to have found a great deal of information on the RHOADES family when they lived in Sandusky County. The R.B. Hayes Library, in Fremont, Ohio, even had a box of photographs in a special collection.

Original photograph kept at the RB Hayes Library, Fremont, Ohio
 in the T.P. Hurd Collection

This is Elias RHOADES, Sr. and his wife Phebe (SAFFORD) RHOADES. These are my great, great, great grandparents.

They moved to Guilford Township, Medina County, Ohio around 1836. This is a photo taken in 1848, according to a note one of their daughters attached to it.

I also found a letter written by Elias' mother, Mary RHOADES, in regards to her widow's pension. It is dated 1837 and mentions Elias who is living in Guilford.

Elias is listed in the 1840 and 1850 U.S. Census in Guilford where he was a farmer. By 1860, Elias and Phebe are found listed in the U.S. Census in Clyde, Sandusky, Ohio, where they both died.

"The History of Medina County and Ohio", page 235

Elias' brother, Jesse RHOADES, came to Guilford before him. In "The History of Medina County and Ohio", Jesse is said to have moved to Guilford in 1830 and brought along H.G.Blake. Kathy did a Blog on H.G. Blake about a year ago. Mr. Blake was a very prominent resident in Medina and it's kind of cool that one of my relatives brought him here.

The Medina County land records show Jesse purchasing land in Guilford in the years 1831, 1832 (with his brother-in-law, James Harkness), 1835 & 1837.  I haven't been able to find any land records in connection with Elias, but I have a feeling he might have lived on one of these parcels of land.

According to the ancestral chart drawn up by cousin Ella, Elias and Phebe had 10 children. The oldest, Thomas, died in 1818. The 1850 census shows the couple having 8 children in the household and a possible son listed right below them.

The next child on the chart is Margaret. She married Abijah I. Wright, 18 November 1849 in Medina County. Margaret died in about 1852.

Elias, Jr. is the next child. According the 1850 U.S. Census, Elias, along with his brother Samuel, was a Daguerreotypist. A daguerreotype is an early type of photography. I have to wonder if he or Samuel took the photograph of their parent's that is shown above. By 1860, Elias is a farmer in Green Creek, Sandusky County, Ohio.

Original at RBHayes Library, T.P. Hurd Collection 

Then there is Jesse, most likely named after his uncle. He is not listed with the family in 1850. However, he did marry Lucinda HARRIS, 22 January 1847 in Medina County. I was unable to find him in the 1850 U.S. Census, but he shows up in the 1860 census in Hudson, Lenawee County, Michigan where he is listed as a carpenter.

Samuel is the next child. He was born in New York in 1826. His obituary tells of his life after coming to Ohio and gives us a better idea of the time when Elias RHOADES brought his family to Guilford.

Clyde Democrat, 29 Mar 1900, pg. 1

Gideon is the next child and my great, great grandfather. Gideon was born around 1828 in New York. He is also listed in the 1850 U.S. Census with Elias and is listed as a laborer. He is still living with Elias and Phebe in 1860 in Sandusky County and is now a carpenter. He didn't live with them long, on 12 July 1860 he married my great, great grandmother, Mary McMillen. His obituary, in the Clyde Democrat on 22 August 1901, also states that he came to Medina County in 1836. 
Mary RHOADES is one of those elusive ancestors. According to the chart she was born in 1830 and died in 1864. She is listed in the 1850 census with Elias and Phebe. However, those are the only two records I have been able to find. The chart shows she was married to a FOSTER, but the only RHOADES and FOSTER marriage I can find gives the wrong birth date for Mary and happens six years after her supposed death date. She is not listed with Elias and Phebe in the 1860 census and I have not been able to find her with anyone else or on her own.

RB Hayes Library. T.P. Hurd Collection

This is Phebe RHOADES MORGAN WOLVERTON CARTER. She was born around 1833 in New York. She is listed with Elias and Phebe in the 1850 census in Guilford. Three years later she marries Henry MORGAN on 19 Jan 1853 in Medina County. Phebe then marries Samuel WOLVERTON in 1859 in Sandusky County and then Joseph CARTER in 1866 in the same place.

RB Hayes Library. T.P. Hurd collection

James RHOADES was born around 1835 in New York. He must have been just a baby when the family moved to Guilford. This is cousin Ella's father and one of the "young folk" who sang on the court house steps. In 1860 he is with his parents and is employed as a clerk and by 1870 he has become a minister.

R.B. Hayes Library. T.P. Hurd Collection

Mariah RHOADES was the first of this family to be born in Ohio and most likely in Guilford in 1838. Mariah married Thaddeus Polk (T.P.) HURD in 1869. It is from his collection I was fortunate enough to find and make copies of all these photographs. 

Her brother, Charles, was also born in Medina County around 1840. Charles died young at the age of 21 in Sandusky County, Ohio. 

Another brother, Henry, who shows up on the 1850 census as being 2 years old, was also born in Medina County. He is not listed on the 1860 census with the RHOADES family and I have been unable to find any information on him. 

Elias, Sr. and Jesse RHOADES were not the only ones from their family to travel to Medina County. Their sister, Irene, married Solomon RHOADES (a possible cousin) and came with Elias' family in 1836. In 1850, they are listed in the census in Guilford surrounded by their children in nearby households. By 1854, Solomon and Irene and all of their children have moved to Outagamie County, Wisconsin where many of their descendants still live.

"Thirteen Wisconsin Families" John R. Rennert

"The History of Medina County and Ohio"
Polly, another sister to Elias & Jesse, married a James HARKNESS and traveled to Guilford Township in 1822. Polly died in 1833 and is buried in the Mound Hill Cemetery in Seville, next to her mother Mary. It seems that Polly was the first of my RHOADES ancestor's to come to Medina County. 

My RHOADES ancestors were here from 1822 to around 1858, almost 40 years. They lived on land that I have walked across and seen sites that I have seen. It may have taken 132 years but this line has come full circle. 

Thank you to Kathy Petras for allowing me to be her guest Blogger!  If there are any RHOADES still here in Medina County that may have some of the same ancestors, leave me a comment! 


          Perrin, William Henry, History of Medina County and Ohio, containing a history of the state of Ohio, from its earliest settlement to the present time...(Chicago, Illinois; J. H., Baskin & Battey, 1881), 235 & 468.

     1840 U.S. Census, Medina County, Ohio, population schedule, Guilford Township, p. 214, line 12, Elias Rhoades; NARA micropublication M704, roll 412. 
     1850 U.S. Census, Medina County, Ohio, population schedule, Guilford Township, p. 292, dwelling 292, family 531, Elias Rhoades, Sr. household; NARA micropublication M432. 

     1860 U.S. Census, Lenawee County, Michigan, population schedule, Hudson, ED 150, dwelling 1197, family 1120, Jesse Rhoades household; NARA micropublication M653, roll 551.

     Medina County Record of deeds, 1818-1871; index to deeds 1790-1923, Medina County Recorders Office; volumes F, G, K, M & N; digital images, 

     "Ohio County Marriages, 1789-2013," digital images, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints,; Ohio County Courthouses.